Monday, June 20, 2011

Who is the Holy Spirit: Bible Doctrine

Q. Who is the Holy Spirit?

Holy Spirit is a person and not a force.
Characteristics of Holy Spirit:

  • Omniscient, Intelligence (1 Cor 2:10-11)
  • Omnipotent, creator (Gen 1:2)
  • Omnipresence (Ps 139:7)
  • Wisdom (Isa 40:13)
  • Holiness (Luke 11:13)
  • Feelings (Eph 4:30)
  • Will (1 Cor 12:11)
Works of Holy Spirit:
  • Teaches (John 14:26)
  • Guides (Rom 8:14)
  • Commissions (Acts 13:4)
  • Commands (Acts 8:29)
  • Restrains (Gen 6:3)
  • Intercedes (Rom 8:26)
  • Speaks (john 15:26, 2 Pet 1:21)
Man’s response to Holy Spirit:
  • Obeyed (Acts 10:19-21)
  • Lied to (Acts 5:3)
  • Resisted (Acts 7:51)
  • Revered (Ps 51:11)
  • Blasphemed (Matt 12:31)
  • Grieved (Eph. 4:30)
  • Outraged (Heb 10:29)

Holy Spirit is an equal in deity with the Father and the Son and not a subordinate.

  • Named with other persons of Trinity (Acts 5:3-4, Matt 28:19, 2 Cor 13,14)
  • All knowing, all powerful, eternal (see Characteristics above)
  • Begetting Christ (Luke 1:35)
  • Convicting men (John 16:8)
  • Regenerating men (John 3:5-6)
  • Comforting / helping (John 14:16)
  • Interceding (Rom 8:26-27)
  • Sanctifying (2 Thess 2:13)
The Holy Spirit is a Christ-centered and his ministry focuses on Christ. He changes us into the likeness of Jesus Christ.
  • He is sent by the Father and the Son, to be a helper, counselor. (John 14:15)
  • He baptizes the believer with Holy Spirit (into the universal body of Christ).
  • He fills the believer with the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18-21). It is not a once-for-all experience, it is a continuous process of sanctification.
  • The commandment to be filled with the Spirit is dependent on the believer’s walk in obedience and dependance on God. (Eph 4:30, John 14:23)
  • Holy Spirit enables the believer to overcome the sinful self (Gal 5:16-18) and empowers to act boldly to accomplish God’s purpose. (Acts 4:29-31)
  • He gives evidence of His presence and working by producing good fruit in believer’s life. (Gal 5:22)
  • He has given spiritual gifts to each believer as He wills, to be used in serving the body of Christ, the Church. (Rom 12:3-8, 1 Cor. 12:11, Eph. 4:7-12)

(This bible study notes are provided by Steinle,Bibleseo)

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