The Bible speaks of different attributes that relate to the nature of God. He has some incommunicable attributes such as His self-existence, His eternal nature, His unity, His infinity, His immutability, His omnipresence, His omniscience, His omnipotence, and His sovereignty. Some of His communicable attributes include His holiness, His righteousness, His justice, His goodness, His love, and His truthful nature.
The Bible also expands on the nature of God by revealing different names for Him. Each different name shows a different side of God that we can come to know. Some such examples are Elohim, El Shaddai, El Elyon, Yahweh, Adonai, Theos, Kurios, Despotes, and Father.
It is one thing to know about God but we must also know what God is doing and what His plan for us is. God has a master plan for all creation that he is accomplishing. This plan existed before the end of time and it is "for His own glory." His plan is perfect and wise. Nothing else is possible from a being that is all knowing and all seeing. God is perfect and only seeks perfection.
When it comes to Gods plan with mankind, His decrees are viewed in three different ways: the overruling will of God, the permissive will of God and the directive will of God. His overruling will is carried out directly by Him and for His own purposes. His permissive will means that God allows certain morally wrong things to occur that coincide with His master plan. Finally, Gods directive will utilizes mankind and mans decisions to further Gods plan. The main purpose of Gods plan is "the praise and manifestation of the glory of God."
The essence of God is another way to describe who He is. God told Moses, "I shall be who I am." The scripture sometimes refers to Gods essence as light and glory. The Bible tells us that God is infinite. Within this infinity He is also spiritual. John 4:24 states "God is spirit, and those who worship Him must do so in Spirit and truth." He is also eternal. Psalm 90:2 tells us "Before the mountains were born, or you gave birth to the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting, you are God." God can also be considered immeasurable. 1st Kings 8:27 states "Behold, the heavens, even the entire universe, cannot contain you." He is also a unique being. Isaiah states "With whom will you compare Me that I should be equal?" God can even be called omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent.
Gods character is also perfect. Jesus commands us to "be perfect, as your Father in Heaven is perfect." Within His perfection, God is also good. The Psalms tells us "The Lord is good to everyone." He is also holy. This is referenced by numerous passages, one being "Be holy, for I am holy." God can be considered faithful and true. Isaiah says to God "Thy counsels of old are faithfulness ant truth." He is often called a sovereign being in scriptures. Psalm 9 states "the Lord shall be seated as king forever." Another of Gods many attributes is that He is the personification of love. 1st John tells us "God is love." The Bible also tells us that the Lord is just and He is life.1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God